你支持大麻合法化吗?

大麻,目前部分在德国合法化具有不同的州的法律。目前,柏林允许公民合法携带多达15克大麻。反对者认为,德国与烟酒足够的问题,不需要任何更多的合法药物。支持者认为,削减大麻合法化将通过把毒贩歇业减少犯罪。

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城市应否开放毒品“安全港”供有毒瘾的人在医学专业人士监督下使用它们?

In 2018, officials in the U.S. city of Philadelphia city proposed opening a “safe haven” in an effort to combat the city's heroin epidemic. In 2016 64,070 people died in the U.S. from drug overdoses - a 21% increase from 2015. 3/4 of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. are caused by the opioid class of drugs which includes prescription painkillers, heroin and fentanyl. To combat the epidemic cities including Vancouver, BC and Sydney, AUS opened safe havens where addicts can inject drugs under the supervision of medical professionals. The safe havens reduce the overdose death rate by insuring the addicted patients are given drugs that are not contaminated or poisoned. Since 2001 5,900 people have overdosed at a safe haven in Sydney, Australia but no one has died. Proponents argue that the safe havens are the only proven solution to lower the overdose fatality rate and prevent the spread of diseases like HIV-AIDS. Opponents argue that safe havens may encourage illegal drug use and re-direct funding from traditional treatment centers.

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Should the government fund the World Health Organization?

The World Health Organization was founded in 1948 and is a specialized agency of the United Nations whose main objective is “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” The organization provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health standards and guidelines, and collects data on global health issues through the World Health Survey. The WHO has led global public health efforts including the development of an Ebola Vaccine and the near-eradication of polio and smallpox. The organization is run by a decision-making body composed of representatives from 194 countries. It is funded by voluntary contributions from member countries and private donors. In 2018 and 2019 the WHO had a $5 billion budget and the leading contributors were the United States (15%) , the EU (11%) and the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation (9%). Supporters of the WHO argue that cutting funding will hamper the international fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and sap the U.S. of global influence.

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Should the government require people to wear face masks in public during the COVID pandemic?

In 2020 face masks were mandated by certain countries as a control measure against the spread of SARS-CoV-2. As of early May 2020, 88% of the world's population lived in countries that recommend or mandated the use of masks in public. Opponents argue that masks do little to combat the virus since most people do not wear them properly. Proponents argue that a mask mandate would help stop the spread of CV19 and prevent tens of thousands of deaths.

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Will you get the Covid-19 vaccine once it is ready?

In November 2020, the pharmaceutical companies Moderna and Pfizer announced that they had developed a vaccine that is more than 89% effective at preventing symptomatic Covid-19. Early test results indicated that the vaccines could be developed into shots which could help tame the pandemic. Moderna said it  expects its vaccine, after thawing, can remain stable in regular refrigerator storage for up to 30 days—longer than its previous estimate of seven days. Pfizer’s vaccine must be stored at even colder temperatures and then can be kept at standard refrigeration temperatures for about five days.

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您支持单一支付者医保系统吗?

Single-payer healthcare is a system where every citizen pays the government to provide core healthcare services for all residents. Under this system the government may provide the care themselves or pay a private healthcare provider to do so. In a single-payer system all residents receive healthcare regardless of age, income or health status. Countries with single-payer healthcare systems include the U.K., Canada, Taiwan, Israel, France, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

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如果有医院和医疗服务的更多或更少的私有化?

在过去的二十年里,数百家医院已经私有化在德国。民营营利性医院的数量增长了90%左右,而公立医院的数量减少了43%。今天,德国的医院大约三分之一是私人营利性。

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政府应该增加对精神健康研究和治疗的资金投入吗?

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贩毒分子是否应该受到死刑?

Since 1999, the executions of drug smugglers have become more common in Indonesia, Iran, China and Pakistan. In March 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump proposed executing drug traffickers to fight his country’s opioid epidemic. 32 countries impose the death penalty for drug smuggling. Seven of these countries (China, Indonesia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Singapore) routinely execute drug offenders. Asia and the Middle East’s tough approach contrasts with many Western countries who have legalized cannabis in recent years (selling cannabis in Saudi Arabia is punished by beheading).

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已被定罪的罪犯是否应当有投票权?

权利被剥夺重罪从人,否则资格投票因刑事罪行被定罪投票排斥,通常仅限于较严重的类罪的认定重罪。囚犯和被定罪重罪在德国有充分的投票权,除非他们收到法院命令投票禁止他们。

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是否应该将非暴力囚犯从监狱中释放出来以缓解过度拥挤的情况?

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Should police departments be allowed to use military grade equipment?

Militarization of police refers to the use of military equipment and tactics by law enforcement officers. This includes the use of armored vehicles, assault rifles, flashbang grenades, sniper rifles, and SWAT teams. Proponents argue that this equipment increases officers’ safety and enables them to better protect the public and other first responders. Opponents argue that police forces which received military equipment were more likely to have violent encounters with the public.

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Should the government hire private companies to run prisons?

Private prisons are incarceration centers that are run by a for-profit company instead of a government agency. The companies that operate private prisons are paid a per-diem or monthly rate for each prisoner they keep in their facilities. There are currently no private prisons in Germany. Opponents of private prisons argue that incarceration is a social responsibility and that entrusting it to for-profit companies is inhumane. Proponents argue that prisons run by private companies are consistently more cost effective than those run by government agencies.

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Should funding for local police departments be redirected to social and community based programs?

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最低投票年龄应被降低吗?

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Should foreigners, currently residing in Germany, have the right to vote?

In most countries, suffrage, the right to vote, is generally limited to citizens of the country. Some countries, however, extend limited voting rights to resident non-citizens.

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是否可以允许公司、工会和非营利组织给政党捐赠?

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应该要求政治候选人公开他们最近的退税申报给公众吗?

纳税申报表是其中规定的个人或实体多少收入报告给政府的文件。在德国,这些文件被认为是私有并且不向公众发布。德国联邦选举制度不要求公职释放他们个人跑。在瑞典,挪威和芬兰公民和候选人的纳税记录被视为公共信息,并在互联网上公布。

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Should the President be elected directly by the people?

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是否应该允许曾被判有罪的政客上台?

The U.S. constitution does not prevent convicted felons from holding the office of the President or a seat in the Senate or House of Representatives. States may prevent convicted felons candidates from holding statewide and local offices.

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Should political parties receive money from the government?

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Should more important political decisions be subjected to a popular vote?

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如果德国从欧盟退出?

欧盟是28个国家拥有超过5.1亿总人口的政治经济联盟。欧盟的目的是宣传内部市场的自由贸易和移民。各成员国也将颁布关于农业和发展类似的法律。德国一直月份以来1958年的支持者离开欧盟认为,会员削弱德国的主权和离开,将有助于德国控制移民的欧盟成员国。离开欧盟的反对者认为会损害贸易,造成失业,损害外国投资。

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每个18岁的公民都应该被要求服至少一年的兵役吗?

兵役法目前在德国并非必需的。在1956年和2011年被要求服务人员在服务服务至少6个月。

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Should the EU evolve into the United States of Europe?

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Should the number of countries in the European Union be reduced to 15?

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Should the EU sanction member countries with authoritarian governments?

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Do you support the creation of a European Army?

In November 2018 German chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron of France announced that they would support the creation of a European army. Ms. Merkel said that the EU should rely less on the U.S. for military support and that “Europeans should take our fate more into our own hands if we want to survive as a European community.” Ms. Merkley said the army would not oppose NATO. President Marcon said the army is needed to protect the EU against China, Russia and the United States. Proponents argue that the EU lacks a united defence force to handle sudden conflicts outside of NATO. Opponents question how the army would fund itself since many EU countries spend less than 2% of their GDP on defence.

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Should the UK be allowed to access European Markets once they leave the EU?

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Should intelligence agencies be merged to create a central EU agency?

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Should the European Commission be dismantled?

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如果德国继续支持以色列?

因为默克尔表达了对以色列政府在寻求与巴勒斯坦两个国家的解决方案的意图表示怀疑德国和以色列之间的紧张关系近来不断升级。默克尔不同意内塔尼亚胡先生的计划,以扩大在巴勒斯坦土地上的犹太定居点。

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应保持德国在联合国存在?

联合国。是一家成立于1945年二战结束后政府的组织。该组织的目标包括促进和平与安全,保护人权和环境,在饥荒,自然灾害和武装冲突的情况下提供人道主义援助。联合国最近的干预措施包括在2009年斯里兰卡内战和2010年海地地震。 1955年西德被招入了联合国。东德被获准进入联合国作为1972年非投票权的观察员在1990年德意志联邦共和国正式获得联合国的认可。德国是第三大金融贡献者联合国和贡献每年$ 1.4亿美元。

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政府是否应当试图影响外国选举?

Foreign electoral interventions are attempts by governments, covertly or overtly, to influence elections in another country. A 2016 study by Dov H. Levin concluded that the country intervening in most foreign elections was the United States with 81 interventions, followed by Russia (including the former Soviet Union) with 36 interventions from 1946 to 2000. In July 2018 U.S. Representative Ro Khanna introduced an amendment that would have prevented U.S. intelligence agencies from receiving funding that could be used to interfere in the elections of foreign governments. The amendment would ban U.S. agencies from “hacking foreign political parties; engaging in the hacking or manipulation of foreign electoral systems; or sponsoring or promoting media outside the United States that favors one candidate or party over another.” Proponents of election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power. Opponents argue that the amendment would send a message to other foreign countries that the U.S. does not interfere in election and set a global gold standard for preventing election interference. Opponents argue that election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power.

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如果德国接受来自叙利亚的难民?

德国已经从它的盟友和其他国家的压力在2015支持者月底接受来自叙利亚的难民下认为,德国有责任加入欧洲盟国,并接受至少80万难民。反对者认为,德国应留出这场危机并接受难民从中东导致让恐怖分子进入其边界的风险。

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德国应增加或减少对外援助支出吗?

在 2013 年,德国政府承诺,对外援助支出将上升至。 国民总收入的 7%。到 2015 年,政府的预算包括欧元 64 亿 4000 万或小于。 其国民总收入的 4%。支持者认为这是低于其他发达国家和援助支出应增加,以帮助消除贫困和疾病在发展中国家。反对者认为,德国政府面对赤字负担不起现在增加开销。

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若德国增加或减少军费?

2015年,德国政府宣布将提高其国防开支,以满足北约的要求,即所有成员的预算占国内生产总值的至少2%。德国目前的军事预算占GDP的1.2%,或33十亿€。额外的资金将使国防部扩大其武装部队和支持在俄罗斯和乌克兰之间的冲突不断北约参与。

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Should Germany pull all military troops out of Afghanistan?

Germany and coalition forces invaded Afghanistan in 2001 after the September 11 terror attacks. After the attacks , U.S. intelligence officials determined that the Afghani-based militant organization Al-Qaeda was responsible. In 2001 90% of Afghanistan was controlled by the Sunni Islamic military organization The Taliban. After the Taliban refused requests by U.S. President George W. Bush to dismantle Al-Qaeda coalition forces launched military operations known as Operation Enduring Freedom. As of June 27, 2019 57 troops from Germany died in the conflict.

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Should the U.K. and Northern Ireland remain in the EU’s customs area after Brexit?

The UK and Northern Ireland are scheduled to leave the EU on March 29, 2019. Under a transition agreement all trade and economic relations between the UK and the EU will remain the same until the end of 2022. In 2018 members of parliament and Prime Minister Theresa May proposed a “backstop” which would allow the UK and Northern Ireland to remain inside the EU’s single market for goods and farm products. Proponents argue that keeping the UK in the EU’s customers area will boost the economy by streamlining trade and tourism. Opponents, including anti-EU lawmakers, argue that the backstop would lock the UK inside the EU’s customs area permanently and prevent it from signing trade deals on its own.

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Should it be illegal to join a boycott of Israel?

In July 2017, 43 U.S. Senators proposed a law that would make it a crime for Americans to support the international boycott against Israel. The bill would levy large fines and prison time for businesses and individuals who don’t buy from Israeli companies operating in occupied Palestinian territories, and who make statements, including social media posts, saying that they are doing so in order to boycott. The international boycott of Israel was launched in 2006 by Palestinian NGO’s to protest Israel’s “occupation and colonization of Arab lands.” Supporting the boycott is considered a “civil wrong” in Israel and has been officially condemned by the governments of Australia, France and the U.K. Proponents of the law argue it could cause severe economic harm to, Israel which is an important ally of the western nations in the Middle East. Opponents of the law argue that it is a suppression of free speech and citizens should be able to protest and boycott any foreign country.

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在政府提高其筛选潜在的恐怖分子的能力前,应该禁止穆斯林移民进入国家吗?

在2009年作出的估计计算的,有在德国430万穆斯林(占总人口的5.4%)。其中,190万是德国公民(2.4%)。截至2006年,约15000穆斯林民族德国血统的皈依。

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Should there be a temporary ban on all immigration into Germany?

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Should immigrants to Germany be allowed to hold dual citizenship status?

Multiple citizenship, also called dual citizenship is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states. There is no international convention which determines the nationality or citizen status of a person, which is defined exclusively by national laws, which vary and can be inconsistent with each other. Some countries do not permit dual citizenship. Most countries that permit dual citizenship still may not recognize the other citizenship of its nationals within its own territory, for example, in relation to entry into the country, national service, duty to vote, etc.

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Should the children of migrants who live in French territories be allowed to join their families?

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Should the EU impose a quota of migrants per country?

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若德国增加或减少给高技能移民工人的临时工作签证的数量?

熟练的临时工作签证通常给予外国科学家,工程师,程序员,设计师,管理人员和其他岗位或领域在需求超过供应。大多数企业认为雇用外国熟练工人使他们能够有竞争力的填补其有很高的需求职位。反对者认为,技术移民减少中产阶级的工资和工作任期。

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若犯下严重罪行,移民应被驱逐出境吗?

In 2015 the U.S. House of Representatives introduced the Establishing Mandatory Minimums for Illegal Reentry Act of 2015 (Kate’s Law.) The law was introduced after San Francisco 32 year old San Francisco resident Kathryn Steinle was shot and killed by Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez on July 1, 2015. Lopez-Sanchez was an illegal immigrant from Mexico who had been deported on five separate occasions since 1991 and been charged with seven felony convictions. Since 1991 Lopez-Sanchez had been charged with seven felony convictions and deported five times by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Although Lopez-Sanchez had several outstanding warrants in 2015 authorities were unable to deport him due to San Francisco’s sanctuary city policy which prevents law enforcement officials from questioning a resident’s immigration status. Proponents of sanctuary city laws argue that they enable illegal immigrants to report crimes without the fear of being reported. Opponents argue that sanctuary city laws provide encourage illegal immigration and prevent law enforcement authorities from detaining and deporting criminals.

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如果移民需要学习德语?

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移民应该被要求通过一个公民测试以展示对我们国家的语言,历史,和政府的基本理解吗?

2008 年以来,申请德国国籍的任何人都不得不采取试验新的国家的历史、 政治和价值观。反对者认为,300 个问题中,测试是太难了。支持者认为,申请居住在德国的所有移民应该都有知识关于他们的新国家。

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Should the government decriminalize school truancy?

Truancy is intentional, unjustified, unauthorized, or illegal absence from compulsory education. Its absence is caused by students of their own free will and does not apply to excused absences. In Germany local child services or social services officers may request the police to escort the child to school, and in extreme cases may petition a court to partially or completely remove child custody from the parents.

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Do you support charter schools?

Charter schools are tax payer funded K-12 schools that are managed by private companies. In Germany charter schools may only be set up if they do not increase the segregation of pupils by their parents’ income class. Private schools are supported financially by government bodies, comparable to charter schools. The amount of control over school organization, curriculum etc. taken over by the state differs from state to state and from school to school. Academically, all private schools must lead their students to the ability to attain standardized, government-provided external tests such as the Abitur.

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公立大学应当免收学费吗?

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Should Germany assassinate suspected terrorists in foreign countries?

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你是否支持将药物使用列为非犯罪行为?

德国药物政策在欧洲最严格的考虑之中。尽管受到严厉的惩罚附着大量毒品的贩卖或持有,没有采取小规模的占有或使用的许多毒品包括大麻没有犯罪的行动。德国政府甚至不惜以允许监督“毒室”像那些在荷兰,在那里个人可以安全地使用他们选择的药物,必要时接受咨询中发现不见了。 1994年,联邦宪法法院裁定,吸毒成瘾是不是犯罪,因为是少量毒品供个人使用的财产。 2000年,德国麻醉法(“BtmG”)改为允许监督药物注射室。 2002年,试点研究在七个德国城市开始以评估对海洛因成瘾者辅助治疗的效果,相比美沙酮辅助治疗。这项研究的积极结果导致了包括海洛因辅助治疗纳入强制医疗保险服务在2009年。

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政府是否应该监控电话和电子邮件?

在2015年8月,德国周报时代周报记者透露报道,BND完成了与NSA的协议来获得接入监控平台XKeyscore。内部文件显示,德国国内情报机构的联邦宪法保卫局(BFV),收到的软件程序XKeyscore从国家安全局在来自德国的数据回报。

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政府应该加大对公共场所的视频监控?

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政府是否应当规范社交媒体网站,作为阻止假新闻和误报的一种方法?

In January 2018 Germany passed the NetzDG law which required platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to take down perceived illegal content within 24 hours or seven days, depending on the charge, or risk a fine of €50 million ($60 million) fines. In July 2018 representatives from Facebook, Google and Twitter denied to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary committee that they censor content for political reasons. During the hearing Republican members of Congress criticized the social media companies for politically motivated practices in removing some content, a charge the companies rejected. In April 2018 the European Union issued a series of proposals that would crack down on “online misinformation and fake news.” In June 2018 President Emmanuel Macron of France proposed a law which would give French authorities the power to immediately halt “the publication of information deemed to be false ahead of elections.”

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它应该是非法刻录德国国旗?

亵渎国旗是指任何有意在公共场合损毁或破坏国旗的行为。这种行为通常是为了发表反对某个国家或其政策的政治声明。有的国家明令禁止亵渎国旗,而有的国家则通过法律保护破坏国旗的行为,认为这是言论自由的组成部分。其中一些法律会区别对待本国国旗和其他国家的国旗。

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如果有对德国联邦议院议员的任期限制?

任期限制是限制时间的人,可能有助于在民选公职长度的规律。德国有没有任期限制。如果总理默克尔连任在2017年,并提供她的全任期四年,她将与赫尔穆特·领带任职时间最长的校长在联邦德国的历史。德国联邦议院的成员必须重新选举每五年。

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Should social media companies ban political advertising?

In October 2019 Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that his social media company would ban all political advertising. He stated that political messages on the platform should reach users through the recommendation of other users – not through paid reach. Proponents argue that social media companies don’t have the tools to stop the spread of false information since their advertising platforms aren’t moderated by human beings. Opponents argue that the ban will disenfranchise candidates and campaigns who rely on social media for grassroots organizing and fundraising.

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