政府是否应该提高环境法规以减少碳排放?

自十九世纪末以来,全球变暖或气候变化使地球大气温度升高。在政治方面,关于全球变暖的争论集中在温度升高是由于温室气体排放所导致还是地球温度自然模式的结果。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是否应该禁用可降解材料含量低于 50% 的一次性用品(如塑料的杯、盘和餐具)?

In 2016, France became the first country to ban the sale of plastic disposable products that contain less than 50% of biodegradable material and in 2017, India passed a law banning all plastic disposable plastic products.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should researchers be allowed to use animals in testing the safety of drugs, vaccines, medical devices, and cosmetics?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你是否支持使用转基因作物和

转基因食品(或转基因食品)从生物体生产的食物,有利用基因工程方法引入到它们的DNA的具体变化。 2015年,欧盟通过了一项法律使个别国家禁止转基因作物的权利。十月,欧洲国家,包括德国利用欧盟规则,禁止使用转基因作物。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should cities be allowed to offer private companies economic incentives to relocate?

In November 2018 the online e-commerce company Amazon announced it would be building a second headquarters in New York City and Arlington, VA. The announcement came a year after the company announced it would accept proposals from any North American city who wanted to host the headquarters. Amazon said the company could invest over $5 billion and the offices would create up to 50,000 high paying jobs. More than 200 cities applied and offered Amazon millions of dollars in economic incentives and tax breaks. For the New York City headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $2.8 billion in tax credits and construction grants. For the Arlington, VA headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $500 million in tax breaks. Opponents argue that governments should spend the tax revenue on public projects instead and that the federal government should pass laws banning tax incentives. The European Union has strict laws which prevent member cities from bidding against each other with state aid (tax incentives) in an effort to lure private companies. Proponents argue that the jobs and tax revenue created by the companies eventually offset the cost of any awarded incentives.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你是否支持使用水力压裂法的开采石油和天然气资源?

水力压裂技术是页岩中提取石油或天然气的过程。水,砂和化学品被注入在高压力,骨折的岩石,并允许油或气体流出到井的岩石。在2016年安格拉·默克尔通过其在德国禁止水力压裂法的立法。虽然水力压裂技术已显著提高石油产量,也有环境问题的过程中地下水污染。水力压裂技术的批评者说,会污染地下水供应化学品,释放出的甲烷气体进入大气层,并能引起地震活动。水力压裂技术的支持者说,这将下降的石油和天然气价格在西班牙,并导致能源独立。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

最低投票年龄应被降低吗?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should foreigners, currently residing in Germany, have the right to vote?

In most countries, suffrage, the right to vote, is generally limited to citizens of the country. Some countries, however, extend limited voting rights to resident non-citizens.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是否可以允许公司、工会和非营利组织给政党捐赠?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应该要求政治候选人公开他们最近的退税申报给公众吗?

纳税申报表是其中规定的个人或实体多少收入报告给政府的文件。在德国,这些文件被认为是私有并且不向公众发布。德国联邦选举制度不要求公职释放他们个人跑。在瑞典,挪威和芬兰公民和候选人的纳税记录被视为公共信息,并在互联网上公布。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should political parties receive money from the government?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the President be elected directly by the people?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是否应该允许曾被判有罪的政客上台?

The U.S. constitution does not prevent convicted felons from holding the office of the President or a seat in the Senate or House of Representatives. States may prevent convicted felons candidates from holding statewide and local offices.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should more important political decisions be subjected to a popular vote?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

德国应该提高对富人的税收?

澳大利亚目前有累进税制度,使高收入者缴纳的税比低所得税的比例较高。更累进所得税制度已被提议作为对减少贫富差距的工具。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应该提高全国最低收入?

2014年,默克尔德国设置的首个最低工资标准为€8.50每小时。支持者认为这工资是必要的,以保护穷人和工人阶级。商界领袖警告说,工资将威胁就业,并导致公司将其业务转移到国家的廉价劳动力。在28个国家在欧盟中,6目前还没有一个最低工资标准。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

您支持全民基本收入项目吗?

A Universal Basic Income program is social security program where all citizens of a country receive a regular, unconditional sum of money from the government. The funding for Universal Basic Income comes from taxation and government owned entities including income from endowments, real estate and natural resources. Several countries, including Finland, India and Brazil, have experimented with a UBI system but have not implemented a permanent program. The longest running UBI system in the world is the Alaska Permanent Fund in the U.S. state of Alaska. In the Alaska Permanent Fund each individual and family receives a monthly sum that is funded by dividends from the state’s oil revenues. Proponents of UBI argue that it will reduce or eliminate poverty by providing everyone with a basic income to cover housing and food. Opponents argue that a UBI would be detrimental to economies by encouraging people to either work less or drop out of the workforce entirely.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应该为削减国家负债而减少公共开支?

削减赤字的支持者认为,政府谁不控制财政赤字和债务都在失去他们借钱以合理的价格的能力的风险。削减赤字的人认为,政府支出将增加对商品和服务的需求,并有助于避免危险陷入通缩螺旋式下降的工资和价格,可以削弱经济多年。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府应该增加或提高该国进口产品的关税吗?

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between countries.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应该为私人公司提供税收优惠政策以保持国内就业?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the government break up Amazon, Facebook and Google?

In 2019 the European Union and U.S. Democratic Presidential Candidate Elizabeth Warren issued proposals that would regulate Facebook, Google and Amazon. Senator Warren proposed that the U.S. government should designate tech companies who have global revenue of over $25 billion as “platform utilities" and break them up into smaller companies. Senator Warren argues that the companies have “bulldozed competition, used our private information for profit, and tilted the playing field against everyone else.” Lawmakers in the European Union proposed a set of rules which include a blacklist of unfair trading practices, requirements that companies set up an internal system to handle complaints and allow businesses to group together to sue platforms. Opponents argue that these companies have benefited consumers by providing free online tools and bring more competition into commerce. Opponents also point out that history has shown that dominance in technology is a revolving door and that many companies (including IBM in the 1980’s) have cycled through it with little to no help from the government.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府应该将比特币划分为法定货币吗?

比特币是一种电子货币,使用加密技术来管理货币单位的生产并验证资金转账,操作不受中央银行的管辖。比特币被存在电子钱包里,好比一个允许用户收发比特币并为商品和服务付款的虚拟银行账户。比特币是匿名的,也就意味着交易被记录在一个公共日志里,买家和卖家的名字从来不会被公布。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你是否支持跨大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)?

大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)是欧盟和美国之间的贸易提出的协议,以促进贸易和多边经济增长的目的。该协议由工会,慈善机构,非政府组织和环保在欧洲谁批评为减少对食品安全和环境立法法规的协议表示反对。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国废除遗产税?

2014年,宪法法院裁定,2009年的法律免交遗产税企业继承是违宪的。企业获得税收减免近40十亿€同时,税务机关收集在继承税收收入4.3十亿€。提高税收的支持者认为,减税财富集中在少数大型工业朝代的手中。反对者认为当面临遵循继承突然税收债务的税收导致的流动性问题,为中小规模的公司。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

享受福利的人是否应接受毒品测试?

5美国各州已经通过了要求福利接受者为药物被测试法。德国目前不考福利接受者的药物。支持者认为,测试将防止公共资金被用于补贴毒品习惯,并帮助得到治疗对于那些沉迷于毒品。反对者认为,这是钱,因为测试将花费更多的钱比他们节省了浪费。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果欧盟补贴的农民?

一个农业补贴是由政府支付给农民的财政援助的形式。欧盟农民得到他们在美国的补贴和农民增收的35%获得28%。高补贴支持者认为,他们需要与其他西方国家农产品出口竞争。反对者认为,农民应该自生自灭,并指出2,300农民谁不种庄稼每年获得补贴。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你是否支持希腊的欧盟救助?

2015年,欧盟提出了一个为期三年€86B救助方案希腊。为了获得救助,希腊总理亚历克西齐普拉斯同意削减预算包括养老金改革。反对者认为,希腊政府不能被信任,不辜负救助的条款,因为他们最近承诺反对任何预算削减。支持者认为,如果希腊经​​济失败,欧元将失去价值。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是应该减少还是增加对当前福利救济的限制?

2011年英国政府国家福利公共支出水平为1131亿英镑,或占政府支出的16%。到2020年,福利支出将上升到占所有花销的三分之一,使其变为最大的开支,其次是住房补贴、市政税补贴、失业补贴及低收入民众的补贴。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the government acquire equity stakes in companies it bails out during a recession?

A state-owned enterprise is a business enterprise where the government or state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership. During the 2020 Coronavirus outbreak Larry Kudlow, the White House’s top economic advisor, said the Trump administration would consider asking for an equity stake in corporations that needed taxpayer aid. “One of the ideas is, if we provide assistance, we might take an equity position,” Kudlow said Wednesday at the White House, adding that the 2008 bailout of [the automaker General Motors] had been a good deal for the federal government. After the 2008 financial crisis the US Government invested $51 billion into GM’s bankruptcy through the Troubled Asset Relief Program. In 2013 the Government sold its stake in GM for $39 billion. The Center for Automotive Research found that the bailout saved 1.2 million jobs and preserved 34.9 billion in tax revenue. Proponents argue that US taxpayers deserve a return on their investments if private companies need capital. Opponents argue that governments should never own shares of private companies.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是不应该增加退休政府工作人员的养老金支付?

一位政府养老金成过程中,其中一人被政府所采用的时间加一笔钱的基金。当政府雇员退休它们能够接收来自该基金的定期付款,以支持自己。由于出生率持续下降和预期寿命上升,世界各国政府都预测资金缺口为2016年pensioners.In德国央行提议提高法定退休年龄在德国69私人养老金计划的个人养老金资金。该基金是受法律保护,不能由债权人或状态检取,并没有资格继承。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国提高或降低企业的税率是多少?

目前,德国在征收所有企业15%的税。全球的平均公司税率为22.6%。反对者认为,提高利率会阻碍外国投资和损害经济。支持者认为,企业产生的利润应该征税,就像公民的税收。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你觉得工会是帮助还是损害经济?

2015年,德国内阁批准了周四草案劳动关系的法律,将简化公司和工会之间的谈判。该法律草案规定,对于任何企业,只有一个工会将被确认为正式的工资议价的合作伙伴,以及由此产生的协定持有公司的所有员工。该法律规定,工会代表在一家公司,只是一个工会将被允许代表一组员工。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是否应该要求雇主实行男女同工同酬?

根据政府统计机构,男女薪酬差距,衡量男人和女人总计时工资,站在22%,在2014年,不变比前五年。那是下降了1%,从薪酬差距为2006年至2009多年。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should all government officials be required to pay into the national pension fund?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

银行家的奖金上限应为 100%的工资?

2014年,欧盟通过了,在他们的薪酬的100%或股东大会批准的200%上限银行家奖金的立法。在德国15大银行的4已经制定了上限。几家银行由经理归类为无风险承担者避免了帽。在德国的87个银行经理,在2012年赢得了超过100万欧元($ 1.37万美元)的奖金,只有40个被确定为是冒险者。帽的支持者说,这会减少激励银行采取类似于导致2008年金融危机的过度风险。反对者说,对银行家薪酬的上限会推高非奖金的薪酬,并导致银行的成本上升。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应德国公民被允许保存或自己的钱投资于境外银行账户?

海上(或外国)的银行账户是你有你的居住国以外的银行帐户。离岸银行账户的好处包括减税,隐私,货币多元化,从诉讼资产保护,并降低你的政治风险。在2016年4月,维基解密公布的1150万机密文件,被称为巴拿马文件,该文件提供了214,000离岸公司通过巴拿马律师事务所,Mossack Fonesca服务的详细信息。该文件暴露的世界各国领导人和富人如何把钱藏在秘密的离岸避税。该文件的发布延长法律禁止使用离岸账户和避税天堂的建议。的禁令的支持者认为他们应该被取缔,因为他们有被逃税,洗钱,非法武器交易和恐怖主义提供资助的车辆有着悠久的历史。禁令的反对者认为,惩罚性的规定将很难为美国公司竞争,并从定位和在美国的投资将进一步阻碍企业。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should VAT rates be increased or decreased?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the church tax be abolished?

A church tax is a tax imposed on members of some religious congregations in Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Sweden, some parts of Switzerland and several other countries.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

在经济衰退期间,政府是否应该采用经济刺激手段来帮助国家?

在欧洲,以及美国政府和国际货币基金组织(IMF)的领导人,都在呼吁德国增加公共支出,以帮助扭转下滑趋势。但在柏林,政策制定者坚持认为,从缺乏挣扎国家足够的经济改革,尤其是法国和意大利的欧元区危机和缓慢增长的结果。法国已要求德国出资50十亿在三年内额外€($ 63.8十亿)为打击在法国削减预算的方法。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府应该增加在公共交通方面的资金投入吗?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the national railway be privatized?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the EU evolve into the United States of Europe?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国从欧盟退出?

欧盟是28个国家拥有超过5.1亿总人口的政治经济联盟。欧盟的目的是宣传内部市场的自由贸易和移民。各成员国也将颁布关于农业和发展类似的法律。德国一直月份以来1958年的支持者离开欧盟认为,会员削弱德国的主权和离开,将有助于德国控制移民的欧盟成员国。离开欧盟的反对者认为会损害贸易,造成失业,损害外国投资。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

每个18岁的公民都应该被要求服至少一年的兵役吗?

兵役法目前在德国并非必需的。在1956年和2011年被要求服务人员在服务服务至少6个月。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the number of countries in the European Union be reduced to 15?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the EU sanction member countries with authoritarian governments?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Do you support the creation of a European Army?

In November 2018 German chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron of France announced that they would support the creation of a European army. Ms. Merkel said that the EU should rely less on the U.S. for military support and that “Europeans should take our fate more into our own hands if we want to survive as a European community.” Ms. Merkley said the army would not oppose NATO. President Marcon said the army is needed to protect the EU against China, Russia and the United States. Proponents argue that the EU lacks a united defence force to handle sudden conflicts outside of NATO. Opponents question how the army would fund itself since many EU countries spend less than 2% of their GDP on defence.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the UK be allowed to access European Markets once they leave the EU?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should intelligence agencies be merged to create a central EU agency?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the Chinese government be able to extradite fugitives from Hong Kong?

In October 2019 the U.S. House of Representatives passed a series of bills supporting protesters in Hong Kong who have a called for democratic reforms in the City. In March 2019 a series of protests began in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) after the government there introduced the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill. The Fugitive Offenders bill established a mechanism for transfers of fugitives from Hong Kong to Mainland China, Macau and Taiwan. The bill was proposed in response to the 2018 murder of Poon Hiu-wing in Taiwan. After the murder her boyfriend, Chan Tong-kai, left Taiwan and traveled to Hong Kong where he told police that he killed Poon. Taiwanese police were unable to extradite Tong-kai and charge him with the murder because the Taiwanese police did not have an extradition agreement in place with Hong Kong. Opponents of the bill argued that it would allow the mainland Chinese government to extradite citizens in Hong Kong - effectively putting them under Chinese law. Opponents also argues that the Chinese criminal process does not have an independent judiciary, fair public trials and lack of access to legal representation. On September 4, 2019, after 13 weeks of protests, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam promised to withdraw the bill.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应当试图影响外国选举?

Foreign electoral interventions are attempts by governments, covertly or overtly, to influence elections in another country. A 2016 study by Dov H. Levin concluded that the country intervening in most foreign elections was the United States with 81 interventions, followed by Russia (including the former Soviet Union) with 36 interventions from 1946 to 2000. In July 2018 U.S. Representative Ro Khanna introduced an amendment that would have prevented U.S. intelligence agencies from receiving funding that could be used to interfere in the elections of foreign governments. The amendment would ban U.S. agencies from “hacking foreign political parties; engaging in the hacking or manipulation of foreign electoral systems; or sponsoring or promoting media outside the United States that favors one candidate or party over another.” Proponents of election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power. Opponents argue that the amendment would send a message to other foreign countries that the U.S. does not interfere in election and set a global gold standard for preventing election interference. Opponents argue that election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国接受来自叙利亚的难民?

德国已经从它的盟友和其他国家的压力在2015支持者月底接受来自叙利亚的难民下认为,德国有责任加入欧洲盟国,并接受至少80万难民。反对者认为,德国应留出这场危机并接受难民从中东导致让恐怖分子进入其边界的风险。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

若德国增加或减少军费?

2015年,德国政府宣布将提高其国防开支,以满足北约的要求,即所有成员的预算占国内生产总值的至少2%。德国目前的军事预算占GDP的1.2%,或33十亿€。额外的资金将使国防部扩大其武装部队和支持在俄罗斯和乌克兰之间的冲突不断北约参与。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国继续支持以色列?

因为默克尔表达了对以色列政府在寻求与巴勒斯坦两个国家的解决方案的意图表示怀疑德国和以色列之间的紧张关系近来不断升级。默克尔不同意内塔尼亚胡先生的计划,以扩大在巴勒斯坦土地上的犹太定居点。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

德国应增加或减少对外援助支出吗?

在 2013 年,德国政府承诺,对外援助支出将上升至。 国民总收入的 7%。到 2015 年,政府的预算包括欧元 64 亿 4000 万或小于。 其国民总收入的 4%。支持者认为这是低于其他发达国家和援助支出应增加,以帮助消除贫困和疾病在发展中国家。反对者认为,德国政府面对赤字负担不起现在增加开销。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should it be illegal to join a boycott of Israel?

In July 2017, 43 U.S. Senators proposed a law that would make it a crime for Americans to support the international boycott against Israel. The bill would levy large fines and prison time for businesses and individuals who don’t buy from Israeli companies operating in occupied Palestinian territories, and who make statements, including social media posts, saying that they are doing so in order to boycott. The international boycott of Israel was launched in 2006 by Palestinian NGO’s to protest Israel’s “occupation and colonization of Arab lands.” Supporting the boycott is considered a “civil wrong” in Israel and has been officially condemned by the governments of Australia, France and the U.K. Proponents of the law argue it could cause severe economic harm to, Israel which is an important ally of the western nations in the Middle East. Opponents of the law argue that it is a suppression of free speech and citizens should be able to protest and boycott any foreign country.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the European Commission be dismantled?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应保持德国在联合国存在?

联合国。是一家成立于1945年二战结束后政府的组织。该组织的目标包括促进和平与安全,保护人权和环境,在饥荒,自然灾害和武装冲突的情况下提供人道主义援助。联合国最近的干预措施包括在2009年斯里兰卡内战和2010年海地地震。 1955年西德被招入了联合国。东德被获准进入联合国作为1972年非投票权的观察员在1990年德意志联邦共和国正式获得联合国的认可。德国是第三大金融贡献者联合国和贡献每年$ 1.4亿美元。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should Germany pull all military troops out of Afghanistan?

Germany and coalition forces invaded Afghanistan in 2001 after the September 11 terror attacks. After the attacks , U.S. intelligence officials determined that the Afghani-based militant organization Al-Qaeda was responsible. In 2001 90% of Afghanistan was controlled by the Sunni Islamic military organization The Taliban. After the Taliban refused requests by U.S. President George W. Bush to dismantle Al-Qaeda coalition forces launched military operations known as Operation Enduring Freedom. As of June 27, 2019 57 troops from Germany died in the conflict.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the U.K. and Northern Ireland remain in the EU’s customs area after Brexit?

The UK and Northern Ireland are scheduled to leave the EU on March 29, 2019. Under a transition agreement all trade and economic relations between the UK and the EU will remain the same until the end of 2022. In 2018 members of parliament and Prime Minister Theresa May proposed a “backstop” which would allow the UK and Northern Ireland to remain inside the EU’s single market for goods and farm products. Proponents argue that keeping the UK in the EU’s customers area will boost the economy by streamlining trade and tourism. Opponents, including anti-EU lawmakers, argue that the backstop would lock the UK inside the EU’s customs area permanently and prevent it from signing trade deals on its own.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果德国继续留在北约?

北大西洋条约组织是一个基于北大西洋公约组织的政府间军事同盟这是在4月4日签署的,1949年是欧洲和北美成员国的政治和军事联盟,同意为每个提供军事和经济安全其他。北约使得其所有决定以协商一致和每一个成员的国家,不管是大还是小,有平等的发言权。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻